Category Archives: Resource Lists

Hand Tools

I am at risk of bragging, but I think I’m good with mechanical things.  And, I generally enjoy working on the boat’s systems.  Our Sanctuary occasionally offers up the chance to work on her, sometimes in “exotic places” (Ahh! The definition of “cruising,”)  Following is a list of hand tools I find useful.  Specialty items are listed in red.  I find the specialty items incredibly useful, if only used occasionally.  For the tasks they are good at, such as accessing a bolt head in a very limited and tight space, there is nothing else that will do the job.

I suggest the reader use this list to assess personal hand tool requirements.  If not a DIYer, a small subset will do.  With these tools, many DIY projects are possible.

Stubby 7/16

Stubby 7/16″ ratcheting combination wrench with 7/16″ hex-drive stubby socket

Here, for example, is a photo of the Sears hex socket in a GearWrench stubby ratcheting combination wrench.  It is the only combination of tools I know of that allows me to remove the cover on my raw water pump without pulling the entire pump off the engine boss.  The Craftsman 3/8″ deepwell socket set I mention has the only socket that is both the right size and is physically short enough to fit onto the fuel shutoff solenoid on a Cummins 4B/6B injection pump without having to pull the pump off the engine.  So I grant, these are not tools that will be used every day, but when they’re are needed to do a job, nothing else will do.


 ✓ Qty Tool Source
1 12 oz claw hammer
1 8 oz stubby ballpeen hammer
1 #1 Phillips screwdriver, 6” Crafstman
2 #2 Phillips screwdriver, 6” Craftsman
1 #3 Phillips screwdriver, 6” Craftsman
1 #1 straight blade screw driver, 4” Craftsman
1 #2 straight blade screw driver, 6” Craftsman
1 #2 straight blade screw driver, 6” square shank Craftsman
1 #3 straight blade screw driver, 12” square shank Craftsman
1 set jeweler’s screw drivers
1 set screwdriver’s w/hex bolster (shank end or butt end) Internet
1 screw starter, Phillips head
1 screw starter, straight head
1 set combination wrenches, ratcheting box end, SAE GearWrence
1 set combination wrenches, ratcheting box end, SAE, stubby GearWrence
1 set combination wrenches, ratcheting box end, Metric GearWrence
1 set combination wrenches, ratcheting box end, Metric, stubby GearWrence
1 set tubing wrenches, SAE GearWrence
1 set tubing wrenches, Metric Craftsman
1 miniature adjustable wrench Craftsman
1 6” adjustable wrench Craftsman
1 8” adjustable wrench Craftsman
1 10” adjustable wrench Craftsman
1 12” adjustable wrench Craftsman
1 1/4” socket set, SAE Craftsman
1 1/4” socket set, Metric Craftsman
1 1/4” socket wrench Craftsman
selection 1/4” extensions Craftsman
1 3/8” socket set, SAE Craftsman
1 3/8” socket set, Metric Craftsman
1 3/8” socket wrench Craftsman
selection 3/8” extensions Craftsman
1 1/2” socket set, SAE Craftsman
1 1/2” socket set, Metric Craftsman
1 1/2” socket wrench Craftsman
set 1/4” deep well sockets Craftsman
set 3/8” deep well sockets (recommend # 34567) Craftsman
set 1/2” deep well sockets Craftsman
selection 1/2” extensions Craftsman
selection male and female socket-to-drive size adapters Craftsman
set 1/2”, 3/8” and 1/2” Universal joint adapters Craftsman
1 1/2” , micrometer style, torque wrench, 20-150# Craftsman
1 style=”color: #ff0000;”>35 Pc MicroDriver Set #85035 GearWrench
1 Do it Best 4 Pc Adapter Set #397539 GearWrench
1 3/4 in. Wrench Socket #42067 (shallow sockets) Craftsman
1 10” “Ford” wrench
1 10” plumber’s wrench
2 24” plumber’s wrench
1 Sea Strainer wrench Marine Chandlery
2 deck key wrench
1 strap wrench, small
1 strap wrench, large
1 chain wrench
1 locking chain pliers
1 Lineman’s Pliers Channellock
1 utility pliers Channellock
selection Sliding joint pipe pliers Channellock
1 needle nose pliers Craftsman
1 needle nose pliers, miniature Craftsman
1 circlip pliers, inside Craftsman
1 circlip pliers, outside Craftsman
1 wire stripper Craftsman
1 diagonal cutter (dikes) Craftsman
1 Vise grip, small
1 Vise grip, large
selection SAE taps Craftsman
selection SAE die Craftsman
selection Metric taps Craftsman
selection Metric die Craftsman
1 vise; Z VISE by Zylizz (pronounced: ZY-liss) Internet
selection putty knife
1 Marine ratcheting double-crimp tool Ancor
1 ratcheting modular plug crimp tool (RJ45, RJ11) Big Box, Hdwr
selection Allen Keys, SAE Craftsman
1 set Allen Keys, Metric Craftsman
1 ClampTite Emergency Clamping tool Internet
selection drill bits, titanium
selection drill bits, brad point
selection drill bits, paddle face
selection seal/o-ring removal picks
selection dental picks auto parts store
1 EMS Scissors Hdwr, pharmacy
1 spring hook
1 Utility hand pump, water
1 Utility hand pump, petrochemicals
1 impeller puller
selection hole saws Big Box, Hdwr
1 hole saw arbor Big Box, Hdwr
1 6” vernier caliper, plastic (steel rusts) auto parts store
selection ss, brass & plastic bristle brushes
1 miniature hacksaw and blades
1 Std hacksaw and blades
selection cabinet maker’s rasps
selection flat bastard files
set flat feeler gauges
1 measuring tape
1 1/2” round wire brush
1 utility wire brush
1 mirror on extendable handle
1 magnet on extendable handle
1 lost part retrieval tool
selection LED flashlight(s)
set screw extractors Craftsman
selection electrical connectors (red, blue, yellow)
selection 12 AWG wire
selection 10 AWG wire
1 fish tape (electrical wiring)
selection electrical tape; black, red, white, green
1 container High Vacuum Grease; Dow Corning
selection wire ties, black
selection wire ties, white
selection wire ties, miniature, misc. colors
1 6” carpenter’s square
1 12” spirit level
selection Rescue tape; black, red, white, green
1 tubing bender (steel, copper)
1 1/2” miniature pry bar
1 1” miniature pry bar
1 12” pry bar
selection 1/4”, 1/2”, 3/4” and 1” wood chisels
1 pulley puller, 2-leg  auto parts store
1 pulley puller, 3-leg  auto parts store
1 puller, “H” style  auto parts store
1 razor scraper w/blades
selection wood working saws
1 drill gauge, SAE
1 drill gauge, Metric
1 thread gauge, SAE
1 thread gauge, Metric
1 nut gauge, SAE
1 nut gauge, Metric
1 sewing awl with thread
selection paint brushes
1 paint brush spinner
1 qt acetone
1 qt mineral spirits
1 qt Cetol Marine Light
1 qt Cetol Gloss
1 container Anti-Seize grease; Permatex 80071
1 container Pipe thread sealant w/PFTE; Permatex 80632
1 container PFTE grease

Spare Parts

The following is a list of Spare Parts we generally carry aboard Sanctuary.  It is offered as a suggested list for cruising boats.  Everything on this list has been needed over the past 10 years at least once.  We believe having these items aboard saves money and downtime when the item is needed.


Item Manufacturer Model Number Description
Bung plugs For each thruhull location
Bilge Pump Rule 2000
Bilge Pump float switch Rule Super Switch 20A contacts
Ultra Safety Systems Senior
Fuel Lift Pump Cummins 3970880
Fuel Shutoff Solenoid Delphi
Propulsion Engine Starter Motor Wilson 91-01-3894 12V, 10 teeth
Delco 27MT
Propulsion Engine fresh water pump & gasket Cummins 3286278
Propulsion Engine Raw Water Pump Sherwood M71 DEPCO Pump Company, Clearwater, FL (727) 446-1656
Propulsion Engine Thermostat & gasket Cummins 3917324
Cummins 3923331
Propulsion Engine formed hoses Cummins
Propulsion Engine coolant sensor for temperature gauges Cummins 3914081 VDO gauges; sensor for use with dual instrument station installations
Propulsion Engine Radiator Cap Cummins 3907022
Propulsion Engine Serpentine belt Cummins Cummins: 3911586
NAPA: 25-080530
Gates: 080530
1-3/32”W, 53-1/2L, 8 ribs; 28mmW, 1359L
Windlass body Simpson-Lawrence H-900 consignment shop
Windlass solenoid Simpson-Lawrence H-900 consignment shop
Thruster drive belts NAPA
NAPA: 25-9530
Gates: 9530
Genset Thermostat & Gasket Onan
Genset Cyl Head Gasket Onan 1102464
AC voltage regulator printed circuit board Onan 300-1540
Genset Water Pump Onan 3286278
Genset Fuel Transfer Pump Onan 3970880
Genset Water Pump vee belt Onan 5110067
Impeller Sherwood 10615K Propulsion Engine Raw Water pump
Impeller Globe 1014 Genset Raw Water pump
Impeller Jabsco 14500-0003 Pump on Jabsco Porta-Change Quick Oil Changer pre-2004
Propeller 24xL20, 3-blade
Packing Gland
House Water Pump SHURFlo 2088-433-344
House Fresh Water Pump Replacement Head SHURFlo 94-236-08
Temperature/Pressure relief valve Watts Hot water heater
Heat Pump Air Filter Cruisair Cruisair: 235000605
Deck Down Light Seafit 429886 3000CP, 12V, 4.6A, 55W
PFD Re-arming kit Leland 25g, 3/8” cyl; Halkey-Roberts green indicator bobbin kit
Toilet macerator Service Kit Jabsco 29101-0000 Fwd Head Macerator
Toilet pump service kit Raritan PHRKIIC Aft head pump
Overboard Macerator Pump Jabsco


The following is a list of  consumable items we generally carry aboard Sanctuary.  It is offered as a suggested list for cruising boats.  There is nothing on this list that we don’t use.

Item Manufacturer Model Number Description
Propulsion Engine (Battery Bank) East Penn Mfg EGC2 Sam’s Club Duracell
6-GC2 Flooded Golf Car Batteries
Propulsion Engine Oil Filters Filter elements:
Fram PH3976A
Wix 51602
NAPA 1607
Propulsion Engine Fuel Filters Filter elements:
Wix 33472
NAPA 3472
Propulsion Engine Air Filter Filter elements:
Duralite ECB08-5001
Fleet AH1136
NAPA 6634
Diesel Fuel Primary Filters Racor 500FG Filter elements:
Racor 2010SM
NAPA 3208
Diesel Fuel Filter body Service Kit Racor
Engine coolant antifreeze Prestone, Peak ethylene glycol
Propulsion Engine raw water impeller kit Sherwood 10615K 10615 Impeller and gaskets
Genset Start Battery Sam’s Club Lead Acid start battery
Genset Impeller Onan, Globe Impeller:
Onan 0131-0160
Globe 1014
Genset raw water impeller kit Onan, Globe 0131-0179
Genset Oil Filter Onan Filter elements:
Onan 0122-0185
Fram PH16
Sierra 18-7878
Genset Fuel Filter Onan Filter elements:
Onan 0122-0325 (Pri)
Onan 0122-0326 (Sec)
FleetGuard FF5031
NAPA 3365 (Pri)
NAPA 3366 (Sec)
Propulsion Transmission Hydraulic Fluid Auto Parts Store Dexron III
Thruster Fluid Filter King Bearing
King Bearing: 1A9160
NAPA: 1551
Propulsion Shaft Packing Marine Chandlery 1/4″
Rudder Shaft Packing Marine Chandlery 5/16”
dock line Marine Chandlery 5/8” nylon 3-strand
Impeller kit Jabsco 14750-0003 Impeller service kit for oil transfer pump
Fender(s) Marine Chandlery
Dock Line(s) Marine Chandlery
Zincs Camp X-8 1-3/4” drive shaft
Camp R-3 Thruster brackets
Technoseal USA R-5 Rudder
Reliance DP-612H Transom
Camp E-1 Heat Exchanger
LEDs Phillips 9290002242 For Trac lighting
300 Lumens
Electrical Wire Marinco/Ancor BC5W2 12AWG, Black
12AWG, Red
10AWG, Black
10 AWG, Red
10 AWG Triplex
00 AWG, Red
00 AWG, Black
Electrical Terminals & Connectors Marinco/Ancor Crimp-on selection of red, blue, yellow; selection of large DC cable terminals and connectors
Fuses, replacement Auto Parts Store, Marine Chandlery FOR EVERY FUSE INSTALLED ONBOARD
Light bulbs, replacement Auto Parts Store, Marine Chandlery FOR EVERY LIGHT BULB INSTALLED ONBOARD
Heat shrink tubing Marinco/Ancor various sizes
Wire Ties Marine Chandlery black, white
Marine Chandlery miniature, misc. colors
electrical tape big box hdwr black, red, white, green
Heat pump air filter big box hdwr
drinking water charcoal filter PUR
Copper tubing big box hdwr 3/8”
Copper tubing fittings big box hdwr NPT, NPS, Flare, JIC
Various sizes
Barbed hose connectors big box hdwr, auto parts, hydraulic shop selection of various sizes
Hi-Temp RTV Silicon Gasket Maker Permatex 26B
Hi-temperature Silicon repair tape Rescue Tape 950psi, 8kV, 500ºF
black, red, white, green
Shop Towels auto parts store
Anti-Seize grease Permatex 80071
Pipe thread sealant w/PFTE Permatex 80632
Pipe thread sealant for hydraulic lines Boss #240
Pipe thread sealant for fuel Rectorseal #5 yellow container
Solder Rosin Core
Utility lubricant grease Star brite PFTE grease
High Vacuum Grease Dow Corning large electrical connectors
Utility/detailing brushes Auto Parts store, ACE hdwr ss, brass, plastic
Solvents and wood stains big box hdwr acetone
big box hdwr mineral spirits
Marine Chandlery Cetol Marine Light
Marine Chandlery Cetol Gloss
Duct Tape Big Box hdwr
WD40 Big Box hdwr
PB Blaster Big Box hdwr, auto parts thread penetrating oil
Corrosion-X Marine Chandlery
Polysulfide sealer 3M 101
Marine Adhesive 3M 4200, 5200
Wood Glue Titebond II
Wool Finishing bonnet Milwaukee 49-36-0600
Makita 743403-A 7-1/2”, Hook and Loop attachment
Foam Polishing pad Shurhold 3152 6-1/2”, hook and Loop attachment
sandpaper Big Box hdwr 80, 120, 220 grit sheet
Big Box hdwr 80, 120, 220 grit DeWalt, round, 5”, 8-hole
Big Box hdwr 80, 120, 220 grit Octo
Big Box hdwr 80, 120, 220 grit Ryobi Detail
Thread Locker Loctite, tube blue
Thread Locker Loctite QuickTape #249 blue, tape
Pipe Dope for Potable Water Permatex
Pipe Dope for Fuel Permatex
Epoxy Utility Glue Big Box hdwr
Epoxy Putty Big Box hdwr
JB Weld Big Box hdwr
Hydraulic Steering Fluid Teleflex
Distilled Water Grocery, Pharmacy
SS hose clamps Marine Chandlery
SS wire, spool Marine Chandlery
Shackles Crosby Hi-Carbon steel ONLY
Thimbles Marine Chandlery
Cotter Pins/ Shear Pins Marine Chandlery
Washers, copper/brass Marine Chandlery Selection
Washers, water hose big box hdwr potable water hose, utility hose
Washers, SS Marine Chandlery Selection
Hose clamps, SS Marine Chandlery Selection all-SS only
Machine screws Marine Chandlery Selection SS
Bolts Marine Chandlery Selection SS
Nuts Marine Chandlery Selection SS
Washers Marine Chandlery Selection SS
Wood Screws, pan head Marine Chandlery Selection SS
Wood Screws, oval head Marine Chandlery Selection SS
Key stock, bronze Marine Chandlery fit for prop shaft
Key stock, steel Marine Chandlery selection
woodruff keys Marine Chandlery selection
Dinghy Motor Spark Plug Auto Parts Store SS
Outboard Motor Oil (40:1) Marine Chandlery
Hypalon boat cleaner MaryKate
First Aid kit/Contents Pharmacy
BP Kit Pharmacy
Pulse Ox Internet, Pharmacy
Emergency Flare kit/contents Orion
Solder Rosin Core
Soldering iron tips selection
Vacuum Cleaner bags

Test Equipment

Following is a suggested list of test tools that we think cruising boats should consider carrying aboard.

Item Brand Model # Description Batteries used
Cooling System pressure tester Auto store Heat exchanger / radiator cap pressure tester n/a
Digital Multimeter Sears 82170 AC/DC Volts/Amps/Hz
Circuit tester
Clamp-on meter Sears 82369 AC/DC Volts/Amps/Hz
Circuit tester
Infrared thermometer many Temperature: °F, °C  2-AAs
Wire Tracker Ancor Multi-Purpose Wire Tracker 2-AAs &
Battery Conductance Analyzer Midtronics MDX-600 n/a
Digital Tachometer Digital Meter TC802 9V
DC circuit tester Power Probe PP3LS01 n/a
Digital Inspection Camera CEN-TECH 67980 Internal;
3.7V LiON
Kill A Watt p3international p4400 n/a
Motor Oil Checker Lubricheck 8200 http://www. CR2016

Washington, DC

This article is based on our experience visiting DC aboard Sanctuary in July, 2008.  

Washington Channel

View of the National War College of the United States from the Washington Channel

In Washington, DC, Sanctuary and crew stayed on the Washington Channel, immediately upstream of the confluence of the Anacostia River into the Potomac River. The Washington Channel is a large, closed, rectangular embayment.  Water access is from the south end, across the Potomac from Reagan International Airport. The Washington Channel is located along a VIP helicopter route that serves the White House and the US Capitol.  There are frequent low-flying helicopter transits that occur at all hours.  If that sort of activity is bothersome or triggers unpleasant memories, the Washington Channel basin may not be appropriate for personal comfort.

There are two commercial marinas on the Washington Channel, and a large Yacht Club.  These facilities are all at the top of the Washington Channel embayment, basically adjacent to one another, on the Washington, DC city shore.   They are:

  1. the Washington Marina,
  2. the Capital Yacht Club, and
  3. Gangplank Marina.

To get to the Washington Marina, boats will have to be able to clear a fixed bridge (Constitution Avenue).  Check the charts for vertical clearance.  Sanctuary could have done it.  Many trawlers and cruisers will clear; sails will not.   These three facilities are all located on Water St., which parallels Maine Ave.  The layout of their individual docks make their entrance gates 1/2 mile or more apart.  Nearby local restaurants are all closest to the Capital Yacht Club docks.  For cruisers staying at the Washington Marina or Gangplank Marina, it’s a bit of a hike to the restaurants, and back.

Reagan International Airport

Reagan International Airport

There is also a large mooring field at the NW end of the Washington Channel embayment, nearest the vicinity of the Jefferson Memorial and Reflecting Pool.  In the 2017/2018 timeframe, this mooring field replaced the previous free anchorage with a for-fee mooring field managed by Gangplank Marina. The mooring field carries 10 – 20 ft throughout.  Tides in the channel run 3 – 4 ft.  Cruisers who secure a mooring ball can use the dinghy dock and facilities of the Capital Yacht Club for a small fee per day; a good deal.  The fee includes showers, laundry and trash disposal, as well as use of the bar and club house.

The Washington Channel is separated from the main body of the Potomac River by a large spit of public park land.  On the July 4th holiday, we observed that the crowds arrived in the afternoon and evening, and mostly broke up after the fireworks were over.  The music program for the fireworks on the mall is simulcast on FM Radio.

There is Safeway Supermarket about 1/2 to 3/4 mile (3 or 4 city blocks) from CYC, on Maine Ave.  I suggest visitors limit shopping to the mid-day hours on weekdays; certainly during daylight hours, and preferable in groups.  The store abuts the Anacostia section of the city, in a transitional area located between yuppie, upper middle class neighborhoods and inner-city neighborhoods.  There are in-house, paid security personnel in almost every aisle of the store.

Visitors will see homeless sleeping on the public riverwalk in the late evening/early morning hours.  These souls are not a safety or security problem for passersby, and are shoo’d off by metro police by 10h00.  Security is very tight at all of the marinas, and we never worried about it in the two weeks we spent aboard.  The docks are fenced, and keys are required to both get on and get off the docks.

WWII Memorial (foreground) and Lincoln Memorial

WWII Memorial (foreground) and Lincoln Monument

Cruisers who plan to stay at one of the Washington facilities must make reservations, and make them well before arriving in DC; it is not an easy venue for transient boaters, in the sense that there is a strong local demand for slip space, and a very high percentage of long-term live-aboards in the local facilities.  The marinas all put transients in slip space if/as seasonal slip holders are away.  We stayed at the Capital Yacht Club, which I recommend as the “best choice” of the three facilities.  CYC is a private Club.  Members of a Chesapeake Bay Yacht Club may receive a small (maybe 10%) slip fee discount.  As mentioned above, CYC offers laundry machines, guest showers, dockside pumpout, a social room/dining room/club house and bar.  They include and welcome transients in their social activities; while we were there, they had several pot luck dinners and breakfast on the weekends.   We felt welcome and included.

Smithsonian Museum

Smithsonian Museum

From very near Capital Yacht Club, on Maine Ave., there is a closed-loop bus route called the Washington “Circulator.”   “Circulator” buses are painted fire-engine red.  The “Circulator” that serves Maine Ave. takes visitors to the Metro subway station at L’Enfant Plaza or to the National Mall near-by the Smithsonian Air and Space Museum on Independence Ave.  There is a second “Circulator” route that serves the entire perimeter of the National Mall – the capitol to the Jefferson Memorial – and some limited close-in areas of the city.  In 2009, the Circulators cost $1.00/ride.

United States Marine Corps Museum, Quantico, VA

United States Marine Corps Museum, Quantico, VA

There is a good Chinese Restaurant located on the second floor of the CYC building, a good fresh fish place next door to the CYC property, and a high-end Phillips seafood restaurant next door on the promenade.  It’s about 1/2 mile walk from CYC to the Holocaust Museum, and about a mile walk to the reflecting pool, Lincoln Monument, FDR Monument, Jefferson Monument, etc.  It takes a little doing, but by metrorail and city bus, we were able to visit the National Cathedral.  With a car, a visit to the US Marine Corps Museum at Quantico, VA, is extremely worthwhile.

I discourage cruisers from staying at the St. James Marina on the Anacostia River.  The facility is modern and secure, but the area in which the marina is located is not appropriate for coming and going as a pedestrian visitor to DC.

City of Alexandria, VA marina

City of Alexandria, VA marina

The City of Alexandria, VA, operates a municipal marina, but it is several miles away from DC, across the Potomac, just north of the new Woodrow Wilson Bridge.  The Wilson bridge is now open to traffic, and it’s predecessor is gone.  Some cruisers do stay there, and use the DC Metro system to get into the city.  We preferred to be closer.  Those considering staying at the City of Alexandria’s Municipal Marina facility, be especially aware and careful about their refund policy; it is extremely onerous.  It is clearly described on their web site, but anyone who considers using this facility needs to be aware of it.

There is a new marina at National Harbor.  It’s even harder to get into DC from National Harbor.  It’s south of the Woodrow Wilson Bridge on the east shore of the Potomac.  For access to DC, take their water shuttle across to Alexandria, and then take the Metro from Alexandria into the District.

Cruisers can get further information from Skipper Bob and from the Waterway Guide, Chesapeake Bay edition (formerly Mid-Atlantic Edition).  We used Skipper Bob, The Waterway Guide and Rick Rhode’s guide on “Cruising the Potomac” for detailed cruising information.

We think this side trip is a real pearl.  It’s every bit as good as any other city stop on the East Coast or the Great Loop cruise.  The marinas are safe and secure.  We enjoyed Savannah, Charleston, New York, Montreal, Ottawa, Chicago and St. Louis, and certainly Chattanooga.  The Potomac River and Washington, DC, are equally well worth the effort.